This qualitative research synthesis was conducted to explore the roles of spiritualityin people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) by using a systematic literature review anda meta-ethnographic method. CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, Clinical Key, WileyLibrary Online, Thai LIS and Thai Jo databases were searched for articles publishedfrom 2000 to 2018. Eleven studies involving 310 participants were included. Accordingto the findings, the following positive roles of spirituality for PLWHA were identified:1) enhancing peace and happiness; 2) cultivating inner strength; 3) illness understandingand self-acceptance; 4) improving self-healthcare; 5) developing a sense of compassion;6) finding purpose in life; 7) maintaining hope; and 8) creating relationships and a senseof connection. Nevertheless, a negative role of spirituality for PLWHA, internalizedconflict, was also identified. Evidence from this study can provide in-depth understandingfor healthcare providers to create spiritual care for PLWHA.
spirituality, spiritual roles, HIV/AIDS, qualitative meta-synthesis
Received: October 22, 2018
Revision received: November 05, 2018
Accepted after revision: December 24, 2018
BKK Med J 2019;15(1): 113-120