A 28-year-old Cambodian female patient presented with chronic cough and massive right pleural effusion. The pleuraleffusion was proven to be chylothorax. CT chest incidentally found a cluster of vascular malformation involving spinalcanal, vertebral bodies and paraspinal soft tissue at T9 to T12 levels (Fig. A). Spinal arteriovenous malformation waspresumably diagnosed. Further MR angiography of thoracic spine and conventional spinal angiography demonstratedarteriovenous fistula (AVF) at T9 level, fed via subcommissural branch of anterior spinal artery, and drained upwardly anddownwardly to perimedullary veins. Associated paraspinal arteriovenous malformation (AVM) along T9 to T12 levels wasnoted, fed via T9 to L1 intercostal arteries, later drainage to intercostal, paraspinal and azygos veins (Fig. B,C,D) Definitediagnosis was spinal arteriovenous metameric syndrome (SAMS) at T9 to T12 levels.
Received: July 18, 2019
Revision received: July 19, 2019
Accepted after revision: July 25, 2019
BKK Med J 2019;15(2): 219.