The objective of this study aimed to study predicting factors betweenperceived self-efficacy, social support, educational level, perceived health status, lifesatisfaction, and successful aging among community dwelling older adults.MATERIAL AND
A descriptive, correlational predictive design was usedto collect data at Thimphu, Bhutan during April to May, 2018. Convenience sampling wasused to recruit 90 older adults from four villages. Structured questionnaire was used togather data on 8 explanatory and 5 outcome variables. Instruments were the GeneralSelf-Efficacy Scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the PerceivedHealth Status scale, the Life Satisfaction Index for the Third Age-Short Form and theSuccessful Aging Inventory. Descriptive statistics and standard multiple regressionanalysis were used to describe the sample and examine the predicting factors.
Multiple regression analysis showed perceived self-efficacy, social support,educational level and life satisfaction significantly predicted successful aging, accountingfor 58% of the variance (R2 = 0.58, F5,84 = 22.89, p < 0.001). Standardized beta coefficientwas obtained for perceived self-efficacy (β = 0.38, p < 0.001), social support (β = 0.31,p < 0.001), life satisfaction (β = 0.25, p < 0.001) and educational level (β = 0.23,p < 0.05).
It was concluded that perceived self-efficacy, social support,educational level and life satisfaction can predict successful aging among communitydwelling older adults in Thimphu, Bhutan. Therefore, implementing interventionprograms upon the significant predicting factors to enhance successful aging ofcommunity dwelling older adults is recommended.
successful aging, older adults, Bhutan
Received: July 27, 2018
Revision received: July 28, 2018
Accepted after revision: August 08, 2018
BKK Med J 2019;15(1): 38-43.