High sodium intake has been associated with a limited knowledge of sodium and inappropriate food consumption behaviors. This study aimed to examine effects of a program promoting sodium intake reduction on knowledge of sodium consumption, sodium consumption behaviors, and urinary sodium in nursing students.
Quasi-experimental design with one-group self-control was used. The participants were 173 Thai nursing students of three higher education institutions, who participated in a 4-week program promoting sodium intake reduction that employed four strategies for behavioral modification. Data were analysed using One-way ANOVA with repeated measures, multiple comparison, and Paired t-test.
After the program, knowledge was significantly higher while urinary sodium was lower than before the program and baseline. Sodium consumption behaviors were lower after the program than baseline.
It is suggested that health teams apply this program to promote sodium intake reduction in nursing students and extend to other populations.
program, sodium intake, knowledge, sodium consumption behaviors, urinary sodium, nursing students, Thailand
Received: August 7, 2019
Revision received: November 26, 2019
Accepted after revision: December 6, 2019
BKK Med J 2020;16(1): 44-49.