This quasi-experimental study aimed to examine the effect of acognitive stimulation therapy (CST) program on the cognitive ability of dementedolder adults.
Two nursing homes were randomly assigned asexperimental and control groups. Simple random sampling technique was used to recruit27 demented older adults from each nursing home. The experimental group received aCST program three times per week for 5 weeks. The control group received usual care.Data collection was performed from March to May, 2018. Instruments used were aDemographic Questionnaire, Mini Mental State Examination (Indonesian version), andthe CST program adapted for the culture of East Java, Indonesia. Descriptive statisticswere calculated for data analysis.
Findings revealed an effect of CST on cognitive ability of demented olderadults. The experimental and control groups were not significantly different before theintervention (p = 0.161). After the CST program, the mean cognitive ability score in theexperimental group was significantly higher than before the program (p < 0.001). Afterthe CST program, the mean cognitive ability score in the experimental group wassignificantly higher than in the control group (p < 0.001). The mean cognitive abilityscore for the control group did not differ significantly between pre-test and post-test(p = 0.058).
CST improves cognitive ability in demented older adults. Nurses andhealth care teams can apply CST beneficially with older adults with dementia. Futureresearch could replicate this study for different levels and types of dementia.
dementia, cognitive ability, cognitive stimulation therapy, nursing home.
Received: July 27, 2018
Revision received: July 30, 2018
Accepted after revision: August 01, 2018
BKK Med J 2019;15(1): 44-50.