Electronic ISSN 2287-0237



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  2. Nair P. On the causes of persistent apical periodontitis: A review. Int Endod J. 2006;39:249-281.
  3. Pontes FSC, Paiva Fonseca F, Souza de Jesus A, et al. Nonendodontic lesions misdiagnosed as apical periodontitis lesions: Series of case reports and review of literature. J Endod. 2014;40(1):16-27.
  4. García C, Sempere V, Penarrocha M, et al. The post-endodontic periapical lesion: Histologic and etiopathogenic aspects. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2008;12:E585-90.
  5. European Society of Endodontology. Quality guidelines for endodontic treatment: consensus report of the European Society of Endodontology. Int Endod J. 2006;39:921-930.
  6. von Arx T. Apical surgery: A review of current techniques and outcome. Saudi Dent J. 2011;23:9-15.
  7. Enriquez FJJ, Vieyra JP, Ocampo FP. Relationship between clinical and histopathologic findings of 40 periapical lesions. Dentistry. 2015;5(2):1.
  8. Lin H-P, Chen H-M, Yu C-H, et al. Clinicopathological study of 252 jaw bone periapical lesions from a private pathology laboratory. J Formos Med Assoc. 2010;109:810-818.
  9. Akinyamoju AO, Gbadebo SO, Adeyemi BF. Periapical lesions of the jaws: a review of 104 cases in Ibadan. Ann Ibadan Postgrad Med. 2014;12(2):115-119.
  10. Bhullar RK, Sandhu S V, Bhandari R, et al. Histopathological insight into periapical lesions: An institutional study from Punjab. Int J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2012;3(3).
  11. Safi L, Adl A, Azar MR, et al. A twenty-year survey of pathologic reports of two common types of chronic periapical lesions in Shiraz Dental School. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2008;2(2):63-70.
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  14. Carrillo C, Penarrocha M, Ortega B, et al. Correlation of radiographic size and the presence of radiopaque lamina with histological findings in 70 periapical lesions. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2008;66(8):1600-1605.
  15. Kaur A, Mohindroo A, Thakur G, et al. Anterior tooth trauma: A most neglected oral health aspect in adolescents. Indian J Oral Sci. 2013;4:31.
  16. Ge L, Chen J, Zhao Y, et al. Analysis of traumatic injury in 886 permanent anterior teeth. J Hard Tissue Biol. 2005;14:53-54.
  17. Vier F V, Figueiredo JAP. Internal apical resorption and its correlation with the type of apical lesion. Int Endod J. 2004;37(11):730-737.
  18. Hama S, Takeichi O, Hayashi M, et al. Co-production of vascular endothelial cadherin and inducible nitric oxide synthase by endothelial cells in periapical granuloma. Int Endod J. 2006;39:179-184.
  19. Block RM, Bushell A, Rodrigues H, et al. A histopathologic, histobacteriologic, and radiographic study of periapical endodontic surgical specimens. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 1976;42(5):656-678.
  20. Suzuki T, Kumamoto H, Ooya K, et al. Immunohistochemical analysis of CD1a-labeled Langerhans cells in human dental periapical inflammatory lesions – correlation with inflammatory cells and epithelial cells. Oral Dis. 2001;7(6):336-343.
  21. Schulz M, von Arx T, Altermatt HJ, et al. Histology of periapical lesions obtained during apical surgery. J Endod. 2009;35(5):634-642.
  22. Vier F, Figueiredo JA. Prevalence of different periapical lesions associated with human teeth and their correlation with the presence and extent of apical external root resorption. Int Endod J. 2002;35:710-719.
  23. Nair PNR, Pajarola G, Luder H-U. Ciliated epithelium–lined radicular cysts. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2002;94(4):485-493.
  24. Nair PNR, Sjögren U, Sundqvist G. Cholesterol crystals as an etiological factor in non-resolving chronic inflammation, an experimental study in guinea pigs. Eur J Oral Sci. 1998;106(2p1):644-650.
  25. Chen J-H, Tseng C-H, Wang W-C, et al. Clinicopathological analysis of 232 radicular cysts of the jawbone in a population of southern Taiwanese patients. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2018;34(4):249-254.